Sights of Baku

Sights of Baku

Maiden Tower

If you are visiting Baku, you will surely notice the Maiden Tower – one of the most emblematic sights of Azerbaijan, rising near the shore of the Caspian Sea. The walls are made of thick brick, and the tower contains a total of eight levels. The top can only be reached via a winding staircase, but the view from the top opens to a beautiful panorama of Icherisheher, the Caspian Sea, and the rest of the city. If you are visiting Baku, you will surely notice the Maiden Tower – one of the most emblematic sights of Azerbaijan, rising near the shore of the Caspian Sea. The walls are made of thick brick, and the tower contains a total of eight levels. The top can only be reached via a winding staircase, but the view from the top opens to a beautiful panorama of Icherisheher, the Caspian Sea, and the rest of the city. Because of its unique shape and design, Maiden Tower has become the unofficial symbol of Baku. Since the Caspian Sea is 28 m below sea level, and the bottom of Maiden Tower is at the water level, it means that when you are standing at the top of the tower, you are actually at sea level.

Shirvanshahs’ Palace

The Palace of the Shirvanshahs is a 15th-century palace built by the Shirvanshahs and described by UNESCO as "one of the pearls of Azerbaijan's architecture". The Palace of the Shirvanshahs is a 15th-century palace built by the Shirvanshahs and described by UNESCO as "one of the pearls of Azerbaijan's architecture". It is located in the Inner City of Baku, Azerbaijan and, together with the Maiden Tower, forms an ensemble of historic monuments inscribed under the UNESCO World Heritage List of Historical Monuments. Earlier, there was an ancient mosque next to the mausoleum. In the complex there are still ruins of a hammam, divankhana, palace and tomb. It is situated in the Old Town as mentioned already and can be reached in 5 minutes by foot from the Icherisheher metro station.

Ateshgah Temple

The Temple of Eternal Fire - Ateshgah - is an authentic Azerbaijani attraction. It is well-known practically all over the world. It is located 30 km from the center of Baku in the suburb of Surakhany. This territory is known for such unique natural phenomenon as burning natural gas outlets (underground gas coming up to the surface makes contact with oxygen and catches fire). The temple in its present state was constructed in the 17th-18th centuries. It was built by the Baku-based Hindu community. The Temple of Eternal Fire - Ateshgah - is an authentic Azerbaijani attraction. It is well-known practically all over the world. It is located 30 kilometers from the center of Baku in the suburb of Surakhany. This territory is known for such unique natural phenomenon as burning natural gas outlets (underground gas coming up to the surface makes contact with oxygen and catches fire). The temple in its present state was constructed in the 17th-18th centuries. It was built by the Baku-based Hindu community. From times immemorial this was a holy place for Zoroastrian fire-worshippers. Ateshgah as a place of worship existed until 1880. Today this ancient Zoroastrian temple has been opened for tourists, attracting them with artificial fires.

Yanardag (Burning Mountain)

Yanardag, which means “Burning Mountain”, is a natural gas fire which blazes continuously on a hillside on the Absheron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea near Baku. Flames jet 3 m into the air from a thin, porous sandstone layer. Administratively, Yanardag belongs to the Absheron district. Yanardag, which means “Burning Mountain”, is a natural gas fire which blazes continuously on a hillside on the Absheron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea near Baku. Flames jet 3 m into the air from a thin, porous sandstone layer. Administratively, Yanardag belongs to the Absheron district. One of the most famous and popular "eternal flame” tourist sites in Azerbaijan is the mountain of Yanardag. People sit on benches to watch the blazing hill in the evening, when the sight is most impressive. Yanardag is located 25 km to the north from Baku, in Mehemmedi village. There are buses running to it from the city, so you can get there fairly cheaply and easily. In 2007 Yanardag was declared a state-protected conservation area.

Gobustan Rock Art

The Museum of Petroglyphs is another name for Gobustan - a mountainous place in the southeast of the Major Caucasian ridge located 60 km from Baku. Archaeologists found ancient sites there used by primitive people who left behind numerous rock drawings: petroglyphs. The Museum of Petroglyphs is another name for Gobustan - a mountainous place in the southeast of the Major Caucasian ridge located 60 km from Baku. Archaeologists found ancient sites there used by primitive people who left behind numerous rock drawings: petroglyphs. This primitive art displays the culture, economy, outlooks, customs and traditions of ancient people. The drawings clearly reflect the entire evolution of humans. Since 1966 the territory of Gobustan has been regarded as a national reserve. Annually this stone picture gallery is visited by thousands people from all over the world. Today Gobustan is an open-air museum.

Gala Museum

Forty kilometers from Baku is Gala, a well-known open-air historical and ethnographic museum. The museum, founded in 2008 at an archaeological site located in the village of the same name, is dedicated to the history of the Absheron Peninsula. Forty kilometers from Baku is Gala, a well-known open-air historical and ethnographic museum. The museum, founded in 2008 at an archaeological site located in the village of the same name, is dedicated to the history of the Absheron Peninsula. There, you can see how the ancient Azerbaijani people lived, what they ate and drank and how they managed a household over a period spanning from the 16th to 19th centuries. The Gala Museum territory hosts also several exhibitions where tourists can see ancient household items, glassware, jewelry and other interesting exhibits cased in glass. A guide, who is best to hire in the museum, will help you not get lost in the maze of history of the Absheron Peninsula.

Mud Volcanoes

They lie about 10 km south of Gobustan. These volcanoes are quite unique as they are not as high as usual volcanoes, with the height reaching a maximum of 2 meters. Still, nearly half of the mud volcanoes in the world are located in Azerbaijan (more than 350 out of 800 in the world) and the greatest mud volcano in the world is also here (1000 meters high). They lie about 10 km south of Gobustan. These volcanoes are quite unique as they are not as high as usual volcanoes, with the height reaching a maximum of 2 meters. Still, nearly half of the mud volcanoes in the world are located in Azerbaijan (more than 350 out of 800 in the world) and the greatest mud volcano in the world is also here (1000 meters high). The mud bubbles from right inside the volcano and it is usually cold, rather than hot as you might think. Also, the mud is said to be good for your face and is commonly used for medical reasons. Local people call them “yanardagh” (burning mountain), “pilpila” (terrace), “gaynacha” (boiling water) and “bozdag” (grey mountain) alongside its geographical name –

Baku Boulevard

The Baku Boulevard (also known as the Seaside National Park) is a promenade established in 1909 which runs parallel to Baku's seafront. Its history goes back more than 100 years, to a time when Baku oil barons built their mansions along the Caspian shore and when the seafront was artificially built up inch by inch. The Baku Boulevard (also known as the Seaside National Park) is a promenade established in 1909 which runs parallel to Baku's seafront. Its history goes back more than 100 years, to a time when Baku oil barons built their mansions along the Caspian shore and when the seafront was artificially built up inch by inch. The park stretches along a south-facing bay on the Caspian Sea. Since 2012, the Yeni Bulvar (New Boulevard) has virtually doubled its length to 3.75 km. In 2015 the White City Boulevard added a further 2 km to the east of Freedom Square and reports have suggested that eventually the Boulevard might be as long as 26 km, including Bibiheybət.

Icherisheher

The history of Icherisheher dates back to ancient times. It is difficult to determine the exact date in history when the city was built by our ancestors, but it has existed for thousands of years which is evidenced by the many ancient monuments which still remain today. The history of Icherisheher dates back to ancient times. It is difficult to determine the exact date in history when the city was built by our ancestors, but it has existed for thousands of years which is evidenced by the many ancient monuments which still remain today. Icherisheher is the pearl of Azerbaijani architecture and culture and many significant restoration works have been undertaken within recent years. With the establishment of the State Department of the Historical and Architectural Reserve of Icherisheher, this ancient heart of Baku has undergone rehabilitation and reconstruction appropriate to the environment of the old city.

GOOD TO KNOW

Azerbaijani is the official language, but if you’re a speaker of English or Russian, you should get by just fine. Azerbaijani is also very similar to Turkish.